A special district is an agency of the State formed under general law or a special legislative act to provide governmental services such as sewer, water, fire protection, recreation, healthcare, police protection, mosquito and vector control, and other services. There are three main types of special districts:
- County-governed special districts are governed by the Board of Supervisors and are operated by the County of San Mateo.
- Independent special districts have locally elected board members and their own employees.
- Subsidiary special districts are governed by their respective city councils.
Select service type below to find district profile.
Community Services Districts
County Service Areas
County Service Areas (CSAs) are entities that provide governmental services by counties within unincorporated areas. It allows for for communities to fund a service by charging a direct assessment or property-related fee for services such as water and/or sewer service, road and/or drainage maintenance, street lighting, fire protection and/or landscaping.
The County Board of Supervisors acts as the governing body for the County Service Areas.
Drainage Districts are local bodies formed for the purpose of draining, ditching and improving land for agriculture and sanitary purposes.
Fire Protection Districts
Health Care Districts
A Street Lighting District is created by a local government agency to pay the costs associated with lighting on and around public streets, highways, parks and alleys.
Municipal Improvement Districts
Sewer and Sanitary Districts
Sewer and Sanitary Districts maintain and operate garbage collection and disposal systems, sewers, storm water drains and storm water collection, recycling and distribution systems.
Water Districts develop regulations for the distribution and consumption of water; sell water; collect and dispose sewage, garbage, waste, trash and storm water; store water for future needs.
Harbor Districts build, operate, and maintain harbor and marina facilities.
Mosquito Abatement and Vector Control Districts conduct effective programs for the surveillance, prevention, abatement and control of mosquitos and other vectors.
Police Protection Districts provide police service to a community.
Regional Park, Park and Open-Space, and Open-Space Districts acquisition of open space land; protection, restoration, and enhancement of natural resources; planning for and management of land for low-intensity recreational use by the public.
Resource Conservation Districts manage a diversity of resource conservation projects, including soil and water conservation projects, wildlife habitat enhancement and restoration, control of exotic plant species, watershed restoration, conservation planning, education, and many others.